Exploring The Types Of Succession Following A Landslide

Exploring the Types of Succession Following a Landslide

After a landslide, a new environment is created and the land is filled with possibilities for new growth and development. This process, known as succession, is the orderly and predictable process of change in the species composition of an ecological community over time. But what types of succession occur following a landslide? Let’s explore.

Primary Succession

Primary succession is the type of succession that begins in a nearly lifeless environment, such as a new lava flow or the aftermath of a landslide. This type of succession consists of the first plants, animals, and microorganisms that begin to colonize the area. The process is slow and can often take hundreds of years. The first organisms to colonize a landslide area are typically lichen, mosses, and small plants. As these organisms make the environment more hospitable, more plants and animals follow.

Secondary Succession

Secondary succession occurs when an existing ecosystem has been disturbed, such as after a wildfire or human activity. In this type of succession, the soil is already fertile and the process is much faster than primary succession. The first organisms to colonize the area are typically fast-growing annual plants, followed by perennial plants and larger animals. This process continues until the ecosystem reaches a climax community, or an established, balanced ecosystem.

Effects of Succession on the Environment

The process of succession is essential for maintaining the balance of ecosystems. Succession can help to restore an ecosystem after it has been disturbed, for example, by a landslide. It can also help to restore habitats for species that have been lost or are threatened. Succession can also help to reduce soil erosion, improve water and air quality, and provide resources for human activities.


After a landslide, the process of succession can begin. This process can take hundreds of years and is typically divided into two types: primary and secondary succession. Primary succession begins in a nearly lifeless environment and is often slow, while secondary succession occurs when an existing ecosystem has been disturbed and is much faster. Succession is essential for maintaining the balance of ecosystems and can help to restore habitats and reduce soil erosion.

Dated : 31-Jan-2023

Category : Education

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